Since the 10 November 2020 ceasefire agreement, Turkey has been showing a growing interest in securing its position in the Chinese Belt and Road (BRI) initiative linking Eastern and Western markets. Interest in the South Caucasus and the Trans-Caspian trade-routes as part of the Middle Corridor has been revived. Both Turkey and Azerbaijan are discussing the future of their economic ties with Central Asia and China.

After years of dispute over the Caspian Sea, the five littoral countries signed the Tehran Convention back in 2018, but not much action has been seen in terms of environmental collaboration. In January 2021…


The Nagorno Karabakh (NK) conflict is one of high complexity. The region is by some seen as a “disputed” region, yet the reality is far from it. Internationally, no state, government, or international organization recognizes NK as an independent state nor as part of Armenian territories. Indeed, in the 90s after the first NK war, the United Nations Security Council passed four resolutions (822, 853, 874, 884) that call for a ceasefire between the two armies of Armenia and Azerbaijan, withdrawal of Armenian occupying forces from the region, and condemn the violations of the said ceasefire. Despite this, NK has…


While Azerbaijan came out of the Second Karabakh War a winner, its Russian neighbor might be pursuing other objectives than simple peacekeeping operations. The outcome could have been much different if not for the unexpected Russian decision not to provide any direct military help to its Armenian ally. Despite this being seemingly in Azerbaijan’s favor, the power dynamics remain complex as the country is still stuck between large regional powers, namely Turkey and Russia. The ruling elite has been able to use this geostrategic position to their advantage before, but things might slip out of control if nothing is done.


Housing affordability is viewed by many as a way of assessing the socioeconomic stability of a country. Housing being one of, if not the largest expense for most households, the COVID-19 pandemic has underscored its importance as many households lost part of their income, leading to unpaid rent and unstable living conditions in many countries. This situation further highlights the need for policymakers to discuss housing affordability.

However, there is another reason housing affordability is an issue not to ignore. As put forward by Thomas Piketty (2014), the return rates on capital (e.g. real estate) are higher than the rate…


Photo credit: @bodan via Twenty20

Can a worldwide pandemic have a sense of humor? COVID-19 has had terrible effects on both our health and professional lives. Yet, the subsequent decrease in industrial activity and the overall shutdown of transports has led to lower rates of pollution. In Beijing, where the sky is usually covered in smog, citizens can enjoy blue skies and cleaner air (see video). In Nairobi, to the surprise of the population, the Kenya mountains were visible from the city center’s rooftops.


Original story from Kertenkele Press, February 2020

As we all know, the snap parliamentary elections have just taken place on the 9th-10th February 2020. Many had high hopes for it being “different”, more open, and more representative of what our people want. The large number of candidates itself pushed the younger generations to feel like their hopes might actually become reality despite the lack of transparency in all previous elections (parliamentary, municipal or presidential). It did not help that so many media outlets were discussing how anyone, national or not, could become an observer and ensure the transparency of the…


Original story from Kertenkele Press

Education is one of the crucial steps on the way to a country’s economic and social development. It is what helps to move from the production of simpler products that require mostly low-paid jobs to more complex products that require technology and educated people to produce it. Prioritizing education also plays an important role in the social mobility of a society: how likely is it for an individual or family to move up the social status ladder, whether it is getting out of poverty or moving from low-to -middle income. …


Original story by Kertenkele Press

Watching the news, hearing about the latest corruption scandal, understanding just how much government officials all around the world are misusing government budgets, serving themselves, not their country. Be it in the USA, Russia, China, or Azerbaijan, it seems it has become a trend to run a country as you would run a business. Even worse, the country’s resources become an asset in the personal portfolio of one or a few families in power.

In certain parts of Russia, US, but also Netherlands, mayors have been replaced by city managers. The terminology itself conveys the…


Original story from Kertenkele Press, January 2020

The resolution process in the Nagorno-Karabagh has been very unstable, still not giving any sustainable results almost 30 years later. April 2016, in particular, showed rising tensions, some fearing a full-on war similar to the one in the 1990s. Lately, however, it seems many have high hopes on both sides for a resolution between the two countries. Since the beginning of 2019, Aliyev and Pashinyan have been taking the negotiations more seriously (Shiriyive, 2019), although the end of year confrontations have become more prevalent. To Pashinyan’s “Karabakh is Armenia, final dot” In November…

Kertenkele Press

Political, economic, and social issues of Azerbaijan.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store